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Kadsura.']                           FLORA INDICA.                                      83
Semina superposita, reniformia, in pulpa nidulantia ; testa laevis, crus-
t&cea; albumen copiosum, oleo'sum ; embryo minutissimus.—Frutices
9candentes> vol-ubiles, glaberrimi, ramulis elongatis, junioribus basi squa-
mis yemm<B persistentibus stipatis, foliis integris integeriimis vel dentati*>
floribus plus minus conspicue pellucide punctatis.
We have only been deterred from following Asa Qray in considering this small
group 48 a section of Maynoliacea, by the unisexual flowers and marked difference in
habit, and in particular by the frequently toothed leaves. Its position is undoubtedly
in the. immediate neighbourhood of Magnoliacea, between that Order and Anonacece,
to certain genera of which (especially Stelechocarpus] the aspect of the flowers, and
the occasionally truucal inflorescence, indicate a certain degree of approach.
The family is a very small one. One species inhabits damp woods in the southern
United States of America, and the remainder the Indo-Chinese region, from Japan
to the Malayan Archipelago, Ccylou and Malabar, and the Himalaya. The leaves
and flowers arc mucilaginous, the fruit and seeds faiutly aromatic, and the woody fibre
exhibits glandular disks, similar to those of lUicium and Drimys.
The structure of the andrcecium, which is the most conspicuous character of the
plants of this Order, is nevertheless only of importance for the distinction of species,
as those plants which are most closely allied, differ very remarkably from one another
in the degree of combination of the filaments. Schizandra,, with five xnonadelphotis
stamens, is, however, a good genus. The shape of the fruit, on. the contrary, is, we
thiuk, a natural character, dividing this small Order into two. well-marked groups,
which, in accordance with the views of Blume in his monograph of the Javanese
species, we regard as of generic value. Of these, Kadsura, with globose fruit, con-
tains the original species of Japan, and several others; while Spheerostema, with the
locate- carpels arranged on an elongated torus, extends from the Western Himalaya
to Java.
1. KADSURA, Juss.
Sarcocarpon, Blume.
Sepala 3. Petala 6-9. Stamina 15 vel plura. Mlamenta discreta
vel in globum coalita. Ovaria numcrosa. Stylus obconicus, lateralis.
Carpella baccata, inter se libcra, cnpitulum globosura formantia.—
Frutices scandentes, mucilaginosi^ floribus a Ibis vel wbexcentibus.
1. K. Roxbnrghiana (Arn. in Jard. Mag. Zool. Bot ii. 546) ;
foliis ovatis vel oblongis carnosulis, filaincntis monadelphis, ovariis bi-
ovulatis.—Kadsura Japonica, Wall. Tent. Nap. 12 (non Juss. necalior^
Cat. 4987 A! B partim! (specim. dextr.) 4985 B ! Uvaria heteroclita,
lioxb. II. Ind. ii. 663.
HAB. In Assam! et Silhet!; in montibus Kliasia a basi ad altitudi-
ncm 5000 pcd.!; et in vallibus calidioribus Sikkini!—(Fl. Mai. Jun.)
(v. t>.)
Frutex alte scandcns, trunco diametro pollicari et ultra. Cortex rngosus. Ramttli
Itcves, annukti, basi inter dam sqimmis stipati. Jolia cum caulc articulata, acuta vel
acuminata, iiitegerrima vel remote et obscure denticulata, 3-6 poll, longa, 1^—3 kta,
pctiolo .^-poll. PeJuiiculi petiolum duplo supcrantcs, cmssiusculi, basi squamiilis
gcminaceis persistent!bus suflulti, ct infra medium bractcas 4-6 ovatas minutas ge-
reiites. flares diametro scuiipollicarcs. Sepafa rotuudata, Fvlala, rotundata,
convcxa, carnosula, intcriora uiinora. JFilatnenta bo si in columnam ceutnilem cy-
luidricain coalita j eiteriora )>auca, superne brcviter libcra, crassa, cylindrica, apice
in connectivum carnosuin' late cuncatum subti-uncatum dilataia; superiora usque ad